In this lesson, we will learn long vowels and small “っ”.
As you already know, Japanese has 5 vowels. Sometimes they become long vowels, which are doubled in length.
How do we know that?
We add one more vowel. Here is the examples.
あcolumn : “あ” is added.
おかあさん (mother) “か” is lengthen like “ka-a”.
おばあさん (grand mother)
cf. おばさん (aunt) short あvowel
いcolumn : “い” is added.
おにいさん (elder brother) “に” is lengthen like “ni-i”.
おじいさん (grand father)
cf. おじさん (uncle) short いvowel
うcolumn : “う” is added.
ふうふ (married couple)
え column : Normally “い” is added but there are some exceptions you have to add “え”
おねえさん (elder sister)
“お” column: Normally “う” is added but there are some exceptions you have to add “お”
いもうと (younger sister)
おとうと (younger brother)
Small “っ” means a pause. You don’t read it. Hold your breath and be silent.
Here is some examples.
あさって (the day after tomorrow)
Please read aloud these words.
おべんとう (lunch box)
きって (postage stamp)
Superb! You have finished long vowels and small “っ”!
Hiragana Learning Course contents
Some More Hiragana Letters – Long Vowels and Small “っ” (this post)